HIV medications like Ricovir-EM are known as antiretroviral therapies. These medications are recommended for people living with the virus as well as those who are at high risk for it, like commercial sex workers. These medications do not cure HIV; however, they help people living with the virus to enjoy longer and healthier lives. They also reduce the risk of virus transmission, especially through sexual encounters.
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If you have HIV, the decision to start anti-HIV treatment - and figuring out the right medication to take – is, without a doubt, one of the most important, yet challenging, decisions you need to make. Understanding how different treatment options work is definitely your best weapon in your battle against this virus. Medications like Ricovir-EM can help you contain this virus and live your normal life.
Ricovir-EM is produced by Mylan Pharmaceuticals and prescribed to treat the HIV infection in adults. This medicine contains two antiretroviral agents: emtricitabine 200mg and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300mg. It is sold in a bottle that contains 30 pills.
Ricovir-EM is administered to slow down or stop HIV’s ability to multiply and spread. This, in turn, keeps the virus load down to undetectable levels while increasing the CD4+ cell numbers. As a result, the body’s immune system recovers and lowers the risk of HIV progression to full-blown AIDS. Both emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate work by countering retroviruses such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Ricovir-EM tablet is a fixed-dose combination therapy for HIV-1 in adults aged 18 years and above. HIV destroys the patient’s immune mechanism by invading and destroying immune cells known as CD4+ cells.
This, in turn, makes the body vulnerable to opportunistic infections like tuberculosis and cancer. When too many immune cells are destroyed, the HIV can progress into acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Each of the two antiretroviral agents in Ricovir-EM works by suppressing the activity of the reverse transcriptase (RT), a viral-specific enzyme that is essential for the virus multiplication. The retrovirus is responsible for converting RNA to DNA, which is then assimilated into the infected immune cell’s DNA to stop the virus from replication.
The combined activity of the two antiretroviral agents in Ricovir-EM tablet stops the assimilation of the RNA into the DNA of the infected white blood cell. This eventually prevents the replication of HIV, consequently lowering the patient’s HIV viral load. Ricovir-EM slows down the multiplication of HIV within the patient’s body. However, it doesn't kill the virus that has already assimilated into the CD4+ cell or prevent the transmission of the infection to other people.
The Ricovir-EM tablet is combined with other antiretroviral drugs that have a different action mechanism. It is prescribed for treating HIV positive patients as the first line of treatment for inexperienced patients.
Based on the results of clinical trials, Ricovir-EM can be used in combination with protected sex for pre-exposure prophylaxis to minimize the risk of HIV transmission among high-risk adults.
Ricovir-EM should be taken exactly as directed by your healthcare provider. The antiretroviral medication comes with a medication guide. It is important that you read and understand the instructions for use every time you refill your prescription.
Ricovir–EM can be taken with or without food. However, do not take this medication on an empty stomach as this can exacerbate side effects like nausea and dizziness.
Ricovir-EM should be taken as a full-time treatment therapy, even if you feel your condition is getting better. This medication works best when its concentration in the blood is constant. This is why it is important that you do not skip your doses. Additionally, it is important that you continue taking the other anti-HIV medications as prescribed by your doctor. Do not change your medication, dosage, or stop your treatment without consulting your doctor.
Ricovir-EM dosage differs from patient to patient. Ensure that you follow your doctor’s dosage instruction.
For HIV-1 treatment and prevention (PrEP) you should take 1 tablet (containing 200 mg of emtricitabine and 300 mg of Tenofovir) once per day.
If you miss your daily dose, take it as soon as you are able to. However, if you are close to your next dose time, skip the missed dose and resume your regular schedule. It is not advisable to make up for the missed dose by double dosing.
Before taking the Ricovir-EM tablet for HIV prevention/treatment, be sure to inform your healthcare provider about the medications you are currently taking, including any vitamins and herbal supplements. Also, inform your doctor about any pre-existing conditions, allergies, and current conditions like an upcoming surgery or a pregnancy. Some health conditions may aggravate the drug’s side effects.
Here are important points to note when on Ricovir-EM treatment:
If you are suffering from hepatitis B, you may develop liver complications when you stop taking this antiretroviral medication. Your doctor should examine your liver function several months after you stop taking Ricovir-EM.
Every oral medication is absorbed into the system through the stomach. The body absorbs most medications when the stomach is empty. However, this is not a good thing for Ricovir-EM, as this might exacerbate the drug’s side effects. Ricovir-EM needs to be taken with food so that it can be broken down and absorbed more slowly. This medication should not be taken at the same time as an antacid.
Patients on Ricovir-EM may experience these side effects:
Consult your healthcare provider if you experience any of these Ricovir-EM side effects, particularly if they become severe or do not go away after months of treatment.
Like other anti-HIV medications, most Ricovir-EM interactions involve the liver. Combining this drug with certain medications can greatly slow down the activity of liver enzymes. This can result in a significant change in blood levels of the other medications that target the same enzyme. Ricovir-EM may interact with these medications to cause adverse effects:
Ricovir-EM can also interact with other medications to slow down the kidneys. This can, in turn, increase the blood levels of substances that are normally filtered out of the body through the kidneys.
Ninety percent of Ricovir-EM patients give this medication credit for lowering their viral loads to undetectable levels after weeks of therapy. Most users report that their viral load went from detectable to undetectable levels within the first three months of medication. Additionally, patients reported a significant rise in their CD4+ count while on this antiretroviral medication. Some customers shared their positive reviews concerning using this medication for pre-exposure prophylaxis. However, Ricovir-EM is only effective when taken as prescribed by the healthcare provider.
Improper medication may result in the patient developing a resistance to the medication. Most patients adapt well to this drug’s effects to enjoy fruitful and normal lives while on the medication.
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